The current situation of the most incompatible and

2022-07-24
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Abstract: this year, major manufacturers and operators will be more rational to face the changes in charging demand, accelerate charging technology innovation, adjust and optimize the construction layout of charging facilities, and make efforts to improve the service operation level and operation efficiency of charging facilities

with the support of the rapid development of new energy vehicles and policy support, China's electric vehicle charging facilities industry has developed rapidly, becoming the country with the largest number of public charging piles in the world. Recently, the annual report on the development of China's electric vehicle charging infrastructure (hereinafter referred to as the report), jointly prepared by the national energy administration and the China electric vehicle charging infrastructure promotion alliance, was officially released in Beijing. The report points out that with the development of industry and technology, users have put forward higher requirements for the service level of charging facilities. Under such a background, the problem that the market is large but not strong has gradually emerged

next, how to improve relevant policy systems and actively promote the benign development of automobile, charging facilities, electric power and other industries has become the key to the development of new energy vehicles

the development of China's charging infrastructure is at the forefront of the world.

"under the dual role of policy and market, a good industrial foundation has been formed. The intervention of social capital has enhanced the industrial vitality and driven the development vitality of domestic charging infrastructure." Xuyanhua, Secretary General of China electric vehicle charging infrastructure promotion alliance and Deputy Secretary General of China Automobile Industry Association, said

2016, China will continue to maintain the high-speed development level of electric vehicles. According to the data of China Association of automobile manufacturers, 507000 new energy vehicles were sold last year, with a year-on-year increase of 5. This is undoubtedly a huge business opportunity of 3%, accounting for more than 50% of the world

with the continuous growth of the market, the domestic charging infrastructure is also advancing rapidly

according to the statistics of China electric vehicle charging infrastructure Promotion Alliance (charging alliance), as of December 2016, the number of public charging piles under construction and operation was nearly 150000, a net increase of more than 2 times compared with 49000 at the end of 2015. The number of public charging facilities in China's charging infrastructure ranked first in the world, significantly higher than that in other countries

according to the report, in the statistics of public charging infrastructure construction in major countries in the world, 106000 in Europe, 40000 in the United States and only 22000 in Japan

of course, the rapid development of domestic charging piles is inseparable from the vigorous promotion of relevant policies

since the State Council issued and implemented the energy saving and new energy vehicle industry development plan (2012), the development of electric vehicles has become a national strategy. National departments at all levels have launched a series of policies to promote the construction and development of vehicles and infrastructure, which has greatly promoted the development of charging infrastructure

since 2015, a series of charging infrastructure promotion policies and measures have been promulgated and implemented successively: in September 2015, the general office of the State Council issued the guiding opinions on accelerating the construction of charging infrastructure for electric vehicles; In december2016, the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of housing and urban rural development and other four ministries and commissions jointly issued the notice on comprehensively accelerating the integrated construction of parking lots and charging infrastructure; In January this year, the national energy administration, the state owned assets supervision and Administration Commission (SASAC) and the president of state organ affairs management stressed that the National Energy Administration jointly issued the notice on accelerating the construction of electric vehicle charging infrastructure within the unit

it can be seen that the policy covers the construction of charging infrastructure, power access, operation of charging facilities, etc., whether it is aimed at the infrastructure construction of consumers or the related work of government agencies and units, and plays a vital role in mobilizing the relevant resources of the whole society to promote the development of charging infrastructure

in the context of the rapid development of electric vehicles, especially the increase in the proportion of private car purchases, it has attracted some enterprises with interconnected genes, technology companies, start-ups and social capital to participate, which has increased the industrial vitality and formed an industrial pattern with the coexistence of state-owned, private and mixed ownership

among the top four operators of national power, Putian new energy and Wanbang new energy that continue to run forum sources and special calls well, the state-owned and private operators account for half respectively, and the market share of the four operators reaches about 85%. The development momentum of both competition and cooperation among major operators has continued to improve users' charging convenience and utilization rate of charging facilities, accumulated experience in development practice, and laid a good foundation for improving the construction and operation level of charging facilities

xuyanhua said that China's electric vehicle industry has entered a stable growth period from the introduction period, and China has also become the country with the fastest development of charging infrastructure. The number of public charging infrastructure construction and operation is close to 150000, and the number of public charging facilities in China ranks first in the world

the development of charging infrastructure industry tends to be mature.

after the rapid growth in 2016, the charging infrastructure industry has accumulated some experience in construction and operation practice

2017, major manufacturers and operators will be more rational to face the change of charging demand, accelerate charging technology innovation, adjust and optimize the construction layout of charging facilities, and make great efforts to improve service operation level and operation efficiency of charging facilities

in order to meet the diversified charging needs of users, charging technology innovation will continue to develop. Demonstration projects will begin to be built for traffic fast charging, wireless charging, DC high-power fast charging technology and charging pile technology. Various new charging technologies will move from the laboratory to the market, and new charging facilities will continue to emerge. The report points out that with the acceleration of charging facilities construction, more regional platforms will be created. At the same time, map, finance, service and other industries will also actively seek cooperation with charging platforms. Whether they can quickly achieve multi business integration, seize market share, and establish a stable customer group has become the key to the success of charging platforms in the competition. Therefore, the market pattern will change

in addition, under the influence of scale expansion and market competition, charging investors will further reduce equipment procurement investment and put forward higher service requirements while exploring profitable business models

at present, there are many charging equipment manufacturers in China, with different sizes and large gaps in technical capabilities. With the strengthening of the management of the charging facilities industry by the state, the fierce competition in the charging market and the compression of the cost of charging equipment procurement, manufacturers with core technology, qualified product quality and good after-sales service will become the winners of the industry

although the development results are satisfactory, China's charging infrastructure industry still has a lot of room for development. The successful experience of foreign countries in charging infrastructure construction mode, testing and certification, standardization and other aspects is worth learning from the domestic market. "The construction of mainstream charging infrastructure in foreign countries means that the state certifies the charging facilities in its own region in the form of laws and regulations or management specifications to ensure their product quality and charging safety." Xuyanhua said that it is suggested that the competent government departments should associate the charging infrastructure incentives, subsidies, land and other preferential policies with certification to avoid excessive testing and increasing the burden on facility operators

statistics on the number of public charging piles in China in

interconnection has become the development direction of charging infrastructure

in recent years, China's charging infrastructure has experienced a development process from scratch, from less to more. Although compared with the past, great progress has been made, the problem that the market is large but not strong has become increasingly prominent

nowadays, the developed countries in the world generally attach importance to the development of infrastructure interconnection with the service temperature of charging resin matrix composites generally not exceeding 350 ℃

the charging infrastructure standard of SAE in the United States and the CCS standard of Germany have shown a trend of integrated development. Countries have started to promote the interconnection and application of charging facilities from the perspective of technical research and standard path, certification testing and payment transaction platform interconnection planning

from a long-term perspective, promoting the development of information interconnection technology is the only way for China's charging infrastructure to move towards a new level

in fact, in order to ensure the charging compatibility of electric vehicles, electric vehicles and charging facilities must comply with the new national charging interface and communication protocol standards. The electric vehicles and charging facilities in the 2011 version of the charging interface standard should be upgraded in accordance with the relevant national policies

with the increasing number of electric vehicle users and charging operators, the self-use, special and public charging facilities of different operators have provided corresponding services respectively. The phenomenon that electric vehicle users need to install many apps and handle multiple charging cards when charging their vehicles is becoming more and more obvious. The incompatibility of charging services has brought trouble to electric vehicle owners

according to the statistics of the charging alliance, by the end of 2016, the member units of the alliance had reported 141254 public charging piles. Among them, the proportion of charging devices supporting offline payment channels such as UnionPay cards is 0.3%, and the proportion of charging devices for mobile payment and spontaneous charging card payment by operators is 99.7%

for the interconnection of charging services, the charging alliance plans to explore the establishment of a payment interconnection business model, unify the information exchange and payment system of charging facilities, and form a compatible online and offline payment model based on the series of standards of information exchange of electric vehicle charging and replacement services

xuyanhua said that this year, major manufacturers and operators will be more rational to face the changes in charging demand, accelerate charging technology innovation, adjust and optimize the construction layout of charging facilities, and make efforts to improve the service operation level and the operation efficiency of charging facilities

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